Hate-Motivated Crimes


Methods and Limitations:

Hate crime counts from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey include both confirmed and suspected hate crime incidents.

The Uniform Crime Reporting Survey was designed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics. The information is used by federal and provincial policy makers as well as public and private researchers.

Hate crime, organized crime and cybercrime data from the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Survey are now revised back one year with each annual release. This approach was introduced for the 2019 data release and was applied to the 2018 revised data.

Over the past two decades, police services across Canada have continued to advance their identification and reporting of hate crime incidents. Changes in reporting practices can have an effect on hate crime statistics. For example, an increase in the number of hate crime incidents reported can be influenced by the introduction of a hate crime awareness campaign.

The Canadian Centre for Justice and Community Safety Statistics (CCJCSS), in co-operation with the policing community, collects police-reported crime statistics through the Uniform Crime Reporting Survey (UCR). The UCR Survey was designed to measure the incidence of crime in Canadian society and its characteristics.

UCR data reflect reported crime that has been substantiated by police. Information collected by the survey includes the number of criminal incidents, the clearance status of those incidents and persons-charged information. The UCR Survey produces a continuous historical record of crime and Federal traffic statistics reported by every police agency in Canada since 1962. In 1988, a new version of the survey was created, UCR2, and is since referred to as the “incident-based” survey, in which microdata on characteristics of incidents, victims and accused are captured.

Data from the UCR Survey provide key information for crime analysis, resource planning and program development for the policing community. Municipal and provincial governments use the data to aid decisions about the distribution of police resources, definitions of provincial standards and for comparisons with other departments and provinces or territories.

To the federal government, the UCR survey provides information for policy and legislative development, evaluation of new legislative initiatives, and international comparisons.

To the public, the UCR survey offers information on the nature and extent of police-reported crime and crime trends in Canada. As well, media, academics and researchers use these data to examine specific issues about crime.

“All Census Metropolitan Areas” includes only areas defined by Statistics Canada as Census Metropolitan Areas (CMAs). As such, this data does not reflect the rate of hate crimes per 100,000 individuals across all of Canada.


Statistics Canada. Table 35-10-0191-01  Police-reported hate crime, number of incidents and rate per 100,000 population, Census Metropolitan Areas


Hate-Motivated Crimes in the Sustainable Development Goals

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16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies
16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

16. Promote just, peaceful and inclusive societies

Goal 16 of the Sustainable Development Goals is dedicated to the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, the provision of access to justice for all, and building effective, accountable institutions at all levels.

Related Hate-Motivated Crimes Targets


Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development