Physician to Population Ratio


Number of all physicians per 100,000 individuals

Methods and Limitations:

Excludes physicians who requested that their information not be published as of December 31 of the reference year

For those physicians for whom date of birth was not available, ages were calculated using year of MD graduation, with age at MD graduation equal to 25 years. Average age calculations exclude physicians where age is unknown and where age is less than 20 or more than 90.

In 2019, Statistics Canada recalculated health region populations back to 2006 based on the 2016 Census. It is not recommended to use 2 different censuses to show population trends at the health region level; therefore, physician-to–100,000 population ratio by health region is no longer populated for the years 2001 to 2005 (when the 2006 Census was used).

Population estimates for health regions are as of July 1 of the reference year (except for Health PEI), and population estimates for jurisdictions and Canada are as of December 31 of the reference year. Population estimates for both P.E.I. and Health PEI are as of December 31 of the given year.


Canadian Institute for Health Information. Supply, Distribution and Migration of Physicians in Canada, 2019 — Historical Data. Ottawa, ON: CIHI; 2020.



Physician to Population Ratio in the Sustainable Development Goals

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3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Ensuring healthy lives and promoting the well-being for all at all ages is essential to sustainable development. Significant strides have been made in increasing life expectancy and reducing some of the common killers associated with child and maternal mortality. Major progress has been made on increasing access to clean water and sanitation, reducing malaria, tuberculosis, polio and the spread of HIV/AIDS. However, many more efforts are needed to fully eradicate a wide range of diseases and address many different persistent and emerging health issues.

Related Physician to Population Ratio Targets


Substantially increase health financing and the recruitment, development, training and retention of the health workforce in developing countries, especially in least developed countries and small island developing States