Immigrant Retention Rate


Immigrant retention rate, by immigrant admission category, three years after admission year.   

Retention rate represents the percentage of immigrant taxfilers who continue to reside in the geographical area of their intended destination upon admission to Canada (i.e., Victoria CMA), three years after their admission year.

Admission year is the year in which the immigrant first obtained their landed immigrant/permanent resident status. This may or may not be the same as the year of arrival.

Methods and Limitations:

The immigrant retention rate is calculated at the third full year following admission. Therefore, the immigrant retention rate in 2020 would be calculated for immigrants admitted in 2017. 

The retention rate does not include immigrants migrating in from a different intended destination who filed taxes in the specified area in that year.

Immigrant retention, by immigrant admission category, accounts for all immigrants regardless of age, sex, knowledge of official languages at the time of admission and their pre-admission experience.

Immigrant admission category refers to the category under which immigrants are admitted to Canada by immigration authorities. 

Immigrant Sponsored by Family: This category includes immigrants who were sponsored by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and were granted permanent resident status on the basis of their relationship either as the spouse, partner, parent, grand-parent, child or other relative of this sponsor. The terms “family class” or “family reunification” are sometime used to refer to this category.

Economic Immigrant: This category includes immigrants who have been selected for their ability to contribute to Canada’s economy through their ability to meet labour market needs, to own and manage or to build a business, to make a substantial investment, to create their own employment or to meet specific provincial or territorial labour market needs.

Refugee: This category includes immigrants who were granted permanent resident status on the basis of a well-founded fear of returning to their home country. This category includes persons who had a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in particular social group or for political opinion (Geneva Convention refugees) as well as persons who had been seriously and personally affected by civil war or armed conflict or have suffered a massive violation of human rights. Some refugees were in Canada when they applied for refugee protection for themselves and their family members (either with them in Canada or abroad). Others were abroad and were referred for resettlement to Canada by the United Nations Refugee Agency, another designated referral organization or private sponsors.


Statistics Canada. Table 43-10-0022-01  Mobility of immigrant taxfilers by census metropolitan areas and tax year

This table uses the Longitudinal Immigration Database (IMDB), an administrative database that combines data from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) with tax files. This table includes statistics of immigrant taxfilers who were 15 years of age or older at year of taxation. The reference periods indicate the years in which immigrants filed taxes. Immigrant taxfilers residing outside of Canada are excluded from this table.

Data is updated on Vital Victoria as it becomes available from the data providers.

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Immigrant Retention Rate in the Sustainable Development Goals

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1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

Extreme poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 1990. While this is a remarkable achievement, one in five people in developing regions still live on less than $1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make little more than this daily amount, plus many people risk slipping back into poverty.

Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making. Economic growth must be inclusive to provide sustainable jobs and promote equality.

8. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all
8. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all

8. Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, employment and decent work for all

Roughly half the world’s population still lives on the equivalent of about US$2 a day. And in too many places, having a job doesn’t guarantee the ability to escape from poverty. This slow and uneven progress requires us to rethink and retool our economic and social policies aimed at eradicating poverty.

A continued lack of decent work opportunities, insufficient investments and under-consumption lead to an erosion of the basic social contract underlying democratic societies: that all must share in progress. The creation of quality jobs will remain a major challenge for almost all economies well beyond 2015.

Sustainable economic growth will require societies to create the conditions that allow people to have quality jobs that stimulate the economy while not harming the environment. Job opportunities and decent working conditions are also required for the whole working age population.